Enzymatic properties of native and N-ethylmaleimide-modified cardiac myosin from normal and thyrotoxic rabbits.
Cardiac myosin from thyrotoxic animals (myosin-T) exhibits elevated Ca2+ -ATPase activity which is resistant to further stimulation by sulfhydryl modification. In the present study, we have compared the enzymatic properties of myosin-T with those of myosin from euthyroid rabbits (myosin-N) and the derivatives of myosin-T and myosin-N formed by blocking the most rapidly reacting class of thiols (SH1) with N-ethylmaleimide (NEM). Vmax for Ca2+ -ATPase of myosin-T was about 250% greater than myosin-N and was nearly the same as NEM-modified myosin-N. Values for the apparent Km of myosin-T and NEM-modified myosin-N were 200% greater than the value for unmodified myosin-N. Vmax and Km for K+ (EDTA)-ATPase activity of NEM-modified myosin-T and myosin-N were identical. The Ca2+ saturation, pH, and salt-dependency curves for the ATPase activity of myosin-T were parallel to the curves for myosin-N and differed from those for the NEM-modified myosins. Myosin-T exhibited an increased rate of hydrolysis of ATP, CTP, and UTP in both low (0.05m) and high (0.5m) KCl medium. NEM-modified myosin-N showed increased hydrolysis of ATP and CTP in low KCl medium and increased hydrolysis of ATP, CTP, and UTP in high KCl medium. These results support the hypothesis that the enzymatic behavior of myosin-T may be caused by an alteration in the active site near the SH, thiols. The unique enzymatic properties of myosin-T did not seem to be the result of a major change in structure. The electrophoretic pattern of light chains from myosin-T and myosin-N was the same in polyacrylamide gels containing either 8 M urea at pH 8.6 or sodium dodecyl sulfate. Also, myosin-T had a normal amino acid composition and lacked 3-methyl-histidine and hot acid-stable phosphate.
- Copyright © 1976 by American Heart Association