Redistribution of collateral blood flow from necrotic to surviving myocardium following coronary occlusion in the dog.
Early changes in collateral blood flow after acute coronary occlusion may be critical for survival of ischemic myocardium. We used 15-mum radioactive microspheres to study myocardial blood flow in thoracotomized dogs 10 minutes and 24 hours after occlusion of the left anterior descending coronary artery (LAD). The ischemic area was delineated by dye injected into the distal artery, and indentification of potentially ischemic samples was confirmed by a newly developed technique in which microspheres were excluded from the normally perfused LAD. Layers were separated into necrotic or normal as defined by gross inspection and confirmed by histological examination and creatine phosphokinase assay. Infarction always involved endocardial layers and extended toward the epicardium. Average myocardial blood flow in 48 necrotic samples from 16 dogs either remained low (less than 0.05 ml/min g-1) or declined, falling from 0.11 +/-0.02(SE) at 10 minutes to 0.05 +/-0.01 ml/min g-1 at 24 hours (P less than 0.001). In contrast, in the 32 normal-appearing samples which were ischemic at 10 minutes, flow increased from 0.24 +/-0.03 to 0.39 +/-0.04 ml/min g-1 (P less than 0.001). Flow in control myocardium was 1.43 +/-0.12 and 1.04 +/-0.07 ml/min g-1, respectively. Peripheral mean coronary arterial pressure increased from 26 +/- 3 to 35 +/- 3 mm Hg, largely because of enlargement of collateral vessels; collateral conductance calculated from retrograde flow in 14 dogs increased from 0.023 +/- 0.005 after occlusion to 0.051 +/- 0.009 ml/min mm Hg-1 24 hours later (P less than 0.001). Thus, coronary collateral blood flow is redistributed from necrotic endocardial layers to surviving epicardial ones. In combination with a developing collateral supply this process may be essential for sparing myocardium after coronary occlusion.
- Copyright © 1976 by American Heart Association