Response of aldosterone and blood pressure to angiotensin II infusion in anephric man. Effect of sodium deprivation.
Angiotensin II, infused intravenously, increased plasma aldosterone concentration in two of six anephric subjects taking their usual dietary quantities of sodium. After 3 days of dietary sodium restriction and weight-reducing hemodialysis, the aldosterone response to infused angiotensin II in the two previously reactive subjects was enhanced, while the four previously unreactive subjects also showed a rise in plasma aldosterone. Before and after sodium depletion the anephric subjects were less responsive than normal subjects. Even when sodium-depleted, the anephrics showed no further rise in plasma aldosterone when arterial plasma angiotensin II was increased by infusion to concentrations greater than 50-199pg/ml, in contrast to sodium-depleted normals who show progressive aldosterone responses with plasma angiotensin II concentrations up to at least 370pg/ml. Before the infusion of angiotensin II, arterial plasma renin, angiotensin II, and aldosterone were detectable in the anephrics, but were unchanged by dietary sodium restriction or weight-reducting hemodialysis. Sodium depletion caused significant falls in weight, plasma sodium, and blood pressure, but no changes in plasma potassium or cortisol. Increases in blood pressure in relation to increments of arterial plasma angiotensin II were unaffected by sodium depletion, as might be expected in the absence of a rise in endogenous angiotensin II.
- Copyright © 1976 by American Heart Association