Studies on the nature of a prostaglandin receptor in canine and rabbit vascular smooth muscle.
The contractile response of rabbit renal arteries and canine tibial arteries to prostaglandins A2, B2, F2alpha, E1, E2, D2, and B1 was associated with a reduction in total sulfhydryl group content of smooth muscle. The total sulfhydryl content of rabbit renal and canine tibial arteries and was not affected by norepinephrine or potassium chloride. Reduction of disulfide groups with dithiothreitol (DTT) selectively inhibited contractile responses to angiotensin and prostaglandins; 5,5'-Dithiobisnitrobenzoic acid (DTNB), a sulfhydryl group-oxidizing agent, reversed the inhibitory effect of DTT on the contractile responses to prostaglandins. Alkylation of free sulfhydryl groups with ethacrynic acid did not affect the contractile response of isolated canine tibial or rabbit renal arteries to any agonist studied. Ethacrynic acid added to muscle strips exposed to DTT resulted in alkylation of sulfhydryl groups produced by reduction of disulfide bonds and irreversibly prevented DTNB-induced reversal of DTT inhibition of contractile responses to prostaglandins. However, addition of ethacrynic acid to muscle strips contracted by prostaglandins did not inhibit subsequent responses to these acidic lipids. These findings support the hypothesis that contractile responses of rabbit renal and canine tibial arteries to prostaglandins are dependent on interactions between prostaglandins and disulfide groups located in or on the vascular smooth muscle cell, and the concept that membrane disulfide groups may be integral components of vascular smooth muscle receptors for prostaglandins.
- Copyright © 1976 by American Heart Association