Previous investigators have reported finding a high molecular weight (HMW) renin in various species which is activated by acidification. Two laboratories have reported that a decrease in molecular weight of the renin accompanies the acidification step. This report describes the partial purification of an HMW renin from hog kidney extracts which had previously been acidified to pH 2.5. The HMW renin, with a molecular weight of 57,000-59,000, constitutes only a small, relatively constant fraction of the total renin isolated. Omission of the acidification step or initial acidification to pH 1.6 does not change the amount of HMW renin significantly. The HMW renin attacks the protein substrate to produce angiotensin at about one-fourth the rate expected, based upon the rate at which it cleaves the tetradecapeptide substrate or a model nonapeptide substrate. It is inactivated by antiserum to hog kidney renin prepared in dogs. It is less stable than hog renin when stored at 0 degrees C. The HMW renin has a pH optimum between 6.5 and 7.0. It is not activated by acidification to pH 3, nor by tryptic or peptic digestion. We have been unable to activate HMW renin or to change its molecular weight by procedures reported by other investigators and therefore conclude that the HMW renin differs from material previously reported and may be an isoenzyme of renin.
- Copyright © 1976 by American Heart Association