Experimental myocardial infarction in the cat. I. Reversible decline in contractility of noninfarcted muscle.
The contractile state of the noninfarcted myocardium was examined in adult cats after myocardial infarction produced by ligation of several branches of the left coronary artery. At 2 days, 7 days, and 6 weeks after infarction, and after determination of intracardiac pressures, papillary muscles were exicised from the noninfarcted segment of the right ventricle and attached to a myograph for analysis of contractile function. One week after infarction there was a decline in actively developed force at Lmax, caused by a decrease in the rate of force development. In addition, the response to procedures that augment myocardial contractility, such as paired stimulation and increasing the frequency of electrical stimulation, was significantly depressed. Two days after infarction, changes were less significant, although similar in direction. Six weeks after infarction, developed force at Lmax had returned to normal values. The response to procedures augmenting contractility also had returned to normal. There appears to be a distinct, reversible loss of contractility in the remaining viable myocardium in the early phase after experimental infarction.
- Copyright © 1976 by American Heart Association