Regional myocardial blood flow during acute myocardial infarction in the conscious dog.
Regional myocardial blood flow was studied in the conscious dog at periods of 5 minutes to 4 days after occlusion of a major branch of the left coronary artery. Dogs were instrumented with aortic electromagnetic flow probes, occlusive cuffs on either the anterior descending or circumflex branch of the left coronary artery, and a left atrial Silastic catheter for injection of microspheres (15 +/- 5 mum) labeled with either 85Sr, 141Ce, or 51Cr. Microspheres were injected into 25 fully conscious dogs during three of the following time periods: control preocclusion and 0.1, 2, 6, 24, or 96 hours postocclusion. In the conscious dog, before occlusion, the endocardial half of the left ventricular myocardium received 28% more blood flow than the epicardial half. After sudden occlusion of a coronary artery branch, there was a marked reduction in blood flow as well as an alteration in distribution of blood flow within the ischemic tissue; blood flow was most severly reduced in the subendocardial center of the ischemic region, less so in the epicardial ischemic region, and least reduced in the marginal region of the infarct. Blood flow was increased to the nonischemic tissue. There was no change in this pattern of reduced blood flow by 6 hours postocclusion, but by 24 hours, flow was moderately increased to all areas except the central subendocardial core, and was further increased at 96 hours. Blood flow to the endocardial half of the left ventricular myocardium averaged 63 ml/100 g per min during the control period, was reduced to 12-18 ml/100 g per min at 0.1-6 hours in the ischemic region, increased to 29 ml/100 g per min at 24 hours, and to 48 ml/100 g per min by 96 hours. These findings indicate that there is a reversal of the flow ratio within ischemic myocardium with relative under-perfusion of the endocardial half of the wall, which is not corrected by 4 days. There is a modest increase of collateral blood flow to ischemic tissue by 24 hours and this increase is considerably augmented by 96 hours, apparently as a result of the growth and enlargement of collateral vessels.
- Copyright © 1976 by American Heart Association