The relationship between overdrive suppression and overdrive excitation in ventricular pacemakers in dogs.
We studied the excitatory and inhibitory effects of overdrive on idioventricular pacemakers in anesthetized dogs with recently induced complete atrioventricular block. The following results were obtained: (1) a slow driving rate may induce a temporary rhythm which may be reinstituted with additional stimuli; (2) the induced rhythm may appear as coupled extrasystoles which, on interruption of the drive, are found to be self-sustaining; (3) during continued slow driving, extrasystoles may appear and disappear in a cyclical manner; (4) a short period of fast driving may be followed by a fast new rhythm, the rate and duration of which are a function of the rate and duration of drive; (5) fast driving may induce a new rhythm at a rate below predrive control; (6) after a long period fast driving, only suppression follows; and (7) intermittent periods of fast driving lead to a summation of inhibition with each successive period. These results suggest the following conclusions: (1) under certain conditions, electrical driving instead of inducing suppression may induce a rhythm ("overdrive excitation") at a rate similar to, faster then, or slower ("inhibited excitation") than control; (2) the duration of diastole and the number of driven beats are major factors in the induction of new rhythms; and (3) overdrive excitation is counteracted by overdrive inhibition, with development of the former requiring fewer beats than the latter.
- Copyright © 1976 by American Heart Association