The effects of tension on acetylstrophanthidin-induced transient depolarizations and aftercontractions in canine myocardial and Purkinje tissues.
Transmembrane potentials and contractile activity were recorded from isolated canine Purkinje and ventricular muscle preparations exposed to acetylstrophantidin (AS) and subjected to a resting tension equal to 80% of that required to elicit peak developed tension. AS induced transient depolarizations (TD's) accompanied by aftercontractions in Purkinje tissue. AS also induced aftercontractions in 11 muscle preparations, and in seven of these the mechanical events were associated with TD's. Aftercontractions and TD's in both and the coupling intervals were directly related to the preceding basic cycle length (BCL). The amplitudes of aftercontractions and TD's reached a maximum at a coupling interval of 600-700 msec. Tension increased the amplitude of TD's in Purkinje tissue and promoted the appearance of TD's in muscle. TD's in muscle occasionally reached threshold in the presence of tension. The results of this study suggest that stretch or increased resting tension may promote the types of cardiac arrhythmias that are causally related to digitalis-induced TD's. The results are compatible with the hypothesis that TD's are caused either by a transmembrane influx of calcium or by an internal release of calcium ions.
- Copyright © 1976 by American Heart Association