Triggered activity in cardiac muscle fibers of the simian mitral valve.
The action potential of cardiac fibers in the anterior mitral valve leaflet of the monkey heart is followed by an after-hyperpolarization. The addition of catecholamines causes a delayed after-depolarization to follow the after-hyperpolarization. The amplitude of the after-depolarization increases as the stimulus cycle length is decreased, or after premature stimulation, and as a result can reach threshold to yield nondriven, sustained rhythmic activity which we term triggered activity. This sustained rhythmic activity can be terminated by a single, appropriately timed, premature stimulus. The amplitude of the action potentials of mitral valve fibers is increased by catecholamines; the amplitude and rate of depolarization are depressed by verapamil. The amplitude of the action potentials is little affected by tetrodotoxin (TTX) but the maximum rate of depolarization is reduced by TTX. The delayed after-depolarization induced by catecholamines is abolished by verapamil, as is triggered activity. These observations suggest that mitral valve fibers generate slow response action potentials, that triggerable sustained rhythmic activity may be a property of the slow response and that such activity may cause the types of cardiac arrhythmias that usually are attributed to reentry.
- Copyright © 1976 by American Heart Association