Ventricular elastic modulus as a function of age in the Syrian golden hamster.
Analysis of passive right and left ventricular pressure-volume curves for hearts of 72 Syrian golden hamsters studied in vitro showed increases in ventricular weight, volume, and compliance at mid-age. Both ventricles were filled by syringe pumps at a constant rate. Ventricular compliance (dV/dP) was determined by electronic differentiation of the intraventricular pressures and formation of the ratio (dV/dt)/(dP/dt) as a continuous function of intraventricular pressure between 0 and 30 mm Hg. By relating, with justification, the left ventricle to a thin-walled elastic sphere, ventricular elastic moduli, E, for different ages were compared at constant levels of myocardial wall stress, sigma. The elastic modulus E proved to be a linear function of sigma. The slope of the E-sigma plot yielded a stiffness constant, K, for each age group. Body weight, heart weight, end-diastolic volume, and dV/dP all varied by more than 200% up and then down as a function of age, but K was not a significant function of age. These results suggest that the aging heart does not normally undergo substantial alterations in passive properties that affect the muscle cells and fibers themselves, but rather that the observed changes in compliance are primarily attributable to alterations in ventricular size.
- Copyright © 1976 by American Heart Association