Renal cortical blood flow in glycerol-induced acute renal failure in the rat.
Renal hemodynamics and renal function were evaluated in rats at 3, 24, and 48 hours and at 7 days after the induction of acute renal failure (ARF) by glycerol injection. Three hours after induction of ARF, creatinine clearance was 0.04 ml/min/100 g; renal blood flow (RBF), 1.99 ml/min/100 g; and filtration fraction, 3.7%. All were abnormally low. Although the administration of isotonic saline (total dose, 3% of body weight) to rats 3 hours after glycerol injection significantly improved creatinine clearance (0.17 ml/min/100 g), RBF (2.54 ml/min/100 g), and filtration fraction (12.9%), these values still were significantly lower than those of controls (creatinine clearance = 0.50 ml. ml/min/100 g, RBF = 4.92 ml/min/100 g, filtration fraction = 20.0%, all P values less than 0.001). Serum creatinine concentrations were significantly elevated at 24 hours (3.72% gm/100 ml), 48 hours (4.69 mg/100 ml), and 7 days (0.66 mg/100 ml) after glycerol injection compared to control (0.46 mg/100 ml, all P less than 0.01). RBF during these phases was not different from normal (4.41 ml/min/100 g). RBF 3 hours after bilateral ureteral obstruction was measured to determine the effects of tubular obstruction on renal hemodynamics. The RBF of rats with ureteral obstruction (4.12 ml/min/100 g) was not significantly different from controls (4.41 ml/min/100 g), suggesting that tubular obstruction in this model of ARF is probably not the cause of decreased RBF. The depressed glomerular filtration, as reflected by the decreased creatinine clearance that occurs during glycerol-induced ARF, is probably related to altered intrarenal vascular resistance or to changes in glomerular capillary permeability, or both.
- Copyright © 1976 by American Heart Association