Facilitation of adrenergic transmission by locally generated angiotensin II in rat mesenteric arteries.
When studied on isolated rat mesenteric arteries perfused with Tyrode's solution, angiotensin I and angiotensin II (1 ng/ml), a synthetic tetradecapeptide renin substrate, and a purified hog renin substance (50-100 ng/ml) potentiated vasoconstrictor responses to sympathetic nerve stimulation and to injected norepinephrine without altering basal pressure. These agents produced a greater augmentation of the vasoconstrictor responses to nerve stimulation than to injected norepinephrine. The potentiation of vasoconstrictor responses to sympathetic nerve stimulation and injected norepinephrine which was elicited by renin substrate and angiotensin I was abolished by an inhibitor of angiotensin I-converting enzyme, SQ 20,881, and by an angiotensin II receptor antagonist, [Sar1-Ile8]angiotensin II. In contrast, the potentiating effect of angiotensin II was blocked only by the latter compound. We conclude that utilization of renin substrate within the vascular wall by renin or renin-like enzymes results in the formation of angiotensin I, which is converted to angiotensin II. Angiotensin in turn potentiates the vasoconstrictor responses to adrenergic stimuli presumably by augmenting release of the adrenergic transmitter and inhibiting its neuronal reuptake as well as by increasing vascular reactivity to norepinephrine.
- Copyright © 1976 by American Heart Association