Pressure-flow and pressure-volume relations in the entire pulmonary vascular bed of the dog determined by two-port analysis.
To quantify the resistance and particularly the capacitance properties of the entire pulmonary vascular bed, isolated perfused lungs of nine dogs were studied. In each dog, with a fixed endotracheal pressure of 5 mm Hg, the arterial pressure-flow and pressure-volume relations were determined while venous pressure was fixed at constant values of 2, 5, and 8 mm Hg. In the same dogs, the venous pressure-flow and pressure-volume relations were also obtained when arterial pressure was fixed at constant values of 15 and 20 mm Hg. The arterial and venous pressure-flow relations could be regarded as linear around the physiological ranges of arterial and venous pressures; however, at very low pressures, these relations became nonlinear. The arterial and venous pressure-volume relations were also approximately linear within the physiological pressure ranges. The mean arterial compliance was 0.1798 ml/mm Hg kg-1 and was independent of venous pressures. The venous compliance values were 0.1236 and 0.0955 ml/mm Hg kg-1 for arterial pressures of 15 and 20 mm Hg, respectively. The sums of the arterial and venous compliances were 0.3034 and 0.2753 ml/mm Hg kg-1 for arterial pressures of 15 and 20 mm Hg, respectively. These values were nearly identical to the mean total compliance, 0.3265 ml/mm Hg kg-1, measured in a separate series of experiments in the same dogs. Therefore, the data obtained in these experiments using two-port analysis techniques represent the compliances and the resistance of the entire pulmonary vascular bed around the normal operating pressures and flows.
- Copyright © 1975 by American Heart Association