Membrane currents and tension in cat ventricular muscle treated with cardiac glycosides.
The effect of cardiac glycosides on membrane currents and tension in cat ventricular muscle was studied using the single sucrose gap voltage clamp method. Complete tension-voltage and current-voltage relations were obtained in five preparations before and during treatment with dihydro-ouabain (DHO, 1.7 X 10(-5)M). After 1-2 minutes of DHO, the developed tension was 15% greater than control, but there was no change in either the slow inward (calcium) current (Ica) or the level of the outward current flowing at the end of a 300-msec depolarization (Iout). After 6-8 minutes of DHO, there was a 60% increase in developed tension, a noticeable increase in resting tension, a 20% decrease in Ica, and a smaller increase in Iout. It seems possible that the reduction of Ica was due to a reduced driving force. In preparations treated with ouabain (5 X 10(-7)M, 3-5 minutes), developed tension was 45-150% greater than control with no change in Ica or Iout between -45 and + 15 mv. We conclude that the inotropic action of these cardiac glycosides is not mediated by an increase in Ica.
- Copyright © 1975 by American Heart Association