Sinoatrial transmission and atrial invasion during normal rhythm in the rabbit heart.
Intracellular microelectrodes and small unipolar leads applied to endocardial surface of the right atrium in vitro were used to study the complex extracellular wave patterns recorded from the neighborhood of the cardiac pacemaker during spontaneous activity. Sinus activity propagated slowly toward the site of atrial invasion on the venous border of the crista terminalis. Atrial activation was marked by a primary negative wave that appeared 20-40 msec after pacemaker firing. Two sources of complex multiphasic waves were found. First, potentials from transitional sinus tissue propagated toward the atrium and caused low-voltage waves that preceded and slurred the onset of the atrial initial negativity. Second, bundles and layers of the crista terminalis muscle were excited asynchronously around the invasion region, as if cross-connections were infrequent. Waves originating from this source occurred after the firing of the invasion site. No extracellular wave could be associated with the firing of the true pacemaker cells. The sinoatrial ring bundle (SARB) yielded a discrete biphasic deflection along most of its way toward the coronary sinus. This potential appeared most frequently after that of the adjoining cristal muscle, raising questions about the functional role of the SARB as an internodal preferential pathway.
- Copyright © 1975 by American Heart Association