Interaction between cyclic adenosine monophosphate and cyclic gunaosine monophosphate in guinea pig ventricular myocardium.
The purpose of this study was to examine the mechanisms underlying adrenergic-cholinergic antagonism in ventricular myocardium. Myocardial contractility, cyclic adenosine monophosphate (AMP) levels, and cyclic guanosine monophosphate (GMP) levels were measure in isolated guinea pig ventricles after treatment with various inotropic agents given alone and simultaneously with acetylcholine. Acetylcholine alone markedly elevated cyclic GMP levels but did not substantially change myocardial contractility. However, the same concentration of acetylcholine significantly attenuated the inotropic effect of isoproterenol and histamine, two drugs that may act by increasing myocardial levels of cyclic AMP. The decrease in the inotropic response to isoproterenol did not appear to be due to a decrease in the generation of cyclic AMP, because cyclic AMP levels were similar in hearts receiving isoproterenol alone and those receiving isoproterenol with acetylcholine. Dibutyryl cyclic GMP also antagonized the intropic action of isoproterenol. Acetylcholine did not alter the inotropic effects of ouabain, an agent that increases myocardial contractility without changing cyclic AMP levels. These results suggest that cyclic GMP mediates the antiadrenergic effects of acetylcholine by specifically antagonizing the inotropic actions of cyclic AMP.
- Copyright © 1975 by American Heart Association