Localization patterns of plasma apolipoproteins in human atherosclerotic lesions.
The localization patterns of human plasma lipoproteins and their respective apoproteins and of neutral lipid were determined in normal and atherosclerotic arteries. Specific antisera were prepared against plasma low-density lipoproteins(LDL) and their apoproteins (apoB), high-density lipoproteins(HDL) and one of their major apoproteins (apoA-I1, and apoC-III, which is a major apoprotein of very low-density lipoproteins (VLDL). Using immunofluorescence techniques, the various antigens were localized in arterial samples obtained at surgery or autopsy. The three apoproteins and neutral lipid were localized to the same tissue areas, namely, lipid core regions and certain connective tissue of atherosclerotic lesions, in 61% of the fibrous plaques and 48% of the fatty streaks examined. In marked contrast, none of the uninvolved arterial regions showed the presence of all four factors together. As controls, the localization of other serum proteins was also determined in these arteries using immunofluorescence techniques. Fibrinogen was associated with regions of maximum complementary localization of factors in 37% of the fibrous plaques and 64% of the fatty streaks. However, albumin was found in only 4-5% of these same regions. The present results suggest that not only LDL but also HDL and VLDL or their respective apoproteins as well as fibrinogen are specifically retained by certain tissue components of the atherosclerotic lesion.
- Copyright © 1975 by American Heart Association