Control of aldosterone secretion in the spontaneously hypertensive rat.
Adrenal secretion rates of aldosterone, corticosterone, and deoxycorticosterone were studied sequentially in the spontaneously hypertensive rat and the normotensive Kyoto Wistar rat. Steroid secretion was studied at three different ages: 7-8, 11-13, and 22-25 weeks. Also, peripheral plasma levels of aldosterone and plasma renin activity were determined in both the spontaneously hypertensive and the normotensive rats at 7-8 weeks of age. Aldosterone secretion was elevated markedly in dexamethasone-morphine-treated spontaneously hypertensive rats at both 7-8 and 11-13 weeks of age but was not significantly different from control in 22-25-week-old spontaneously hypertensive rats. No statistically significant differences in corticosterone or deoxycorticosterone secretion rates were observed between the spontaneously hypertensive rats and the normotensive Kyoto Wistar controls; however, the data suggested that dexamethasone did not suppress adrenocorticotropic hormone in the 7-8- and 11-13-week-old spontaneously hypertensive rats to the same extent that it did in the normotensive Kyoto Wistar rats. Therefore, aldosterone secretion was reexamined in acutely hypophysectomized 7-8-week-old rats to eliminate completely the influence of the anterior pituitary; no differences in aldosterone, corticosterone, or deoxycorticosterone secretion rates were observed between hypophysectomized spontaneously hypertensive rats and normotensive Kyoto Wistar rats. Moreover, aldosterone secretion in the hypophysectomized 7-8-week-old spontaneously hypertensive rats was reduced markedly compared with that in the intact 7-8-week old spontaneously hypertensive rats, thus confirming the importance of the pituitary in these animals. Determinations of peripheral plasma aldosterone concentration and plasma renin activity in unstressed 7-8-week-old spontaneously hypertensive and normotensive rats revealed that both parameters were depressed significantly in the spontaneously hypertensive rats. Thus, the present data indicate that the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system is suppressed in the spontaneously hypertensive rat but do not suggest that the system is critically involved in the hypertensive process in these animals
- Copyright © 1975 by American Heart Association