Pressure drop across artificially induced stenoses in the femoral arteries of dogs.
Stenoses were artificially induced in 13 large mongrel dogs by implanting small hollow cylindrical plugs in their femoral arteries. The instantaneous pressure drop across the stenosis and the flow rate were measured for a series of stenoses varying in severity from 52.3 to 92.2%. Mean pressure drops ranged from approximately 2 to 30 mm Hg with peak pressure drops ranging from 9 to 53 mm Hg. The pressure drop could be estimated from a relatively simple equation that was originally developed for flow through model stenoses. With this equation, the effects of several factors that contribute to the pressure drop, including stenosis size and shape, artery lumen diameter, blood density, blood viscosity, and velocity and acceleration of flow, could be clearly delineated. For severe stenoses, unsteady flow effects were small and flow could be treated as quasi-steady. Calculations based on data obtained from the dog experiments revealed that the mean pressure drop across a stenosis increased nonlinearly with percent stenosis and showed quantitatively that the value of critical stenosis decreased with increasing demand for blood flow.
- Copyright © 1975 by American Heart Association