To test the hypothesis that renin is circulating in pressor amounts in renal hypertension, two-kidney Goldblatt hypertension was produced in rats. After hypertension had been present for a variable period of time (4 to 21 days), the ischemic kidney was removed, and an infusion of rat renin was started immediately to replace the endogenous renin that the ischemic kidney had been releasing. Since the amount of renin released by the clipped kidney was not known, the amount infused was regulated by a feedback mechanism set to keep the mean blood pressure at the same level as before ipsilateral nephrectomy. Hypertension remission was therefore prevented by this procedure. The PRA at the end of the renin infusion was similar to that prior to the ipsilateral nephrectomy. This finding indicates that the levels of the PRA circulating in renal hypertension are within the pressor range, thus supporting the hypothesis that renin plays a role in the pathogenesis of the acute or semiacute phase of renal hypertension. However, the participation of other factors cannot be ruled out since no correlation was found between PRA and blood pressure.
- Copyright © 1975 by American Heart Association