Hypertension, transmural pressure, and vascular smooth muscle response in rats.
The effect of transmural pressure on the responsiveness of vascular smooth muscle was studied using rats with chronic occlusion of one external iliac artery. The arterial pressure in the occluded leg was reduced to approximately half of that in the contralateral unoccluded leg. Helical strips from the low- and high-pressure femoral arteries of spontaneously hypertensive rats and rats with deoxycorticosterone acetate-induced (DOCA) hypertension were compared with corresponding tissues from normotensive controls. The sensitivity of both low- and high-pressure artery strips from the spontaneously hypertensive rat was greater than that of controls when strontium or lanthanum was used as the agonist. The sensitivity of strips from both low- and high-pressure arteries from the DOCA-hypertensive rat was greater than that of controls when potassium, epinephrine, or calcium was the agonist. There was no difference in sensitivity between strips from the low- and high-pressure arteries in any group of rats. Maximum contractile force (contractility) was reduced in femoral artery strips from both legs of all hypertensive rats. The KCl-induced contraction of vascular smooth muscle from both femoral arteries of either form of hypertensive rat was not as readily depressed by high calcium concentrations as was that from the normotensive rat. Changes in sensitivity and contractility associated with hypertension could not be reversed by lowering blood pressure in one leg of a spontaneously hypertensive rat or prevented by protecting one leg from high pressure prior to the induction of DOCA hypertension. The altered sensitivity and contractility of arterial strips in these models of hypertension are not, then, secondary to the increase in wall stress.
- Copyright © 1975 by American Heart Association