Detection of latent function in acutely ischemic myocardium in the dog: comparison of pharmacologic inotropic stimulation and postextrasystolic potentiation.
In poorly perfused myocardium with resultant ischemic dysfunction, augmentation of contractility can, under certain conditions, be used to detect viable but ordinarily noncontracting muscle. Two methods of inotropic augmentation, pharmacologic inotropic stimulation and postextrasystolic potentiation (PESP), were studied in acutely ischemic canine myocardium with controlled coronary blood flow. A caliper length gauge to record segmental shortening and left ventricle pressure was used to construct pressure-length loops. Acute regional ischemia depressed segmental function: early segmental shortening decreased (-20 plus or minus 0.02% [SE]) and frequent dyskinesia occurred. Restoring coronary blood flow corrected segmental shortening to control levels. During acute regional ischemia, PESP consistently augmented segmental function (+49 plus or minus 0.03%) and abolished dyskinesia. Pharmacologic inotropic stimulation with isoproterenol or calcium administered into the coronary arteries did not produce a comparable improvement in segmental function (+9 plus or minus 0.05%). Although early shortening markedly increased with pharmacologic stimulation, there was no consistent change in total shortening, and the area of the pressure-length loop decreased. Due to late dyskinesia, there was a decrease in injection shortening. Systemically administered pharmacologic agents accentuated early dyskinesia but caused no consistent change in total shortening. Unlike PESP, pharmacologic agents either worsened segmental function or caused responses that were minimum and inconsistent; such responses clearly cannot be used to identify viable ischemic myocardium.
- Copyright © 1975 by American Heart Association