The Signal Perceived by the Macula Densa during Changes in Renin Release
Renin secretion was studied in acute experiments in dogs during occlusion of the ureter alone (experiment 1), ureteral occlusion with a superimposed intrarenal infusion of papaverine (experiment 2), or ureteral occlusion with a superimposed intravenous ethacrynic acid injection (experiment 3) and following release of the ureteral occlusion (all three experiments). In all three experiments, ureteral occlusion increased renin secretion four- to fivefold. In experiment 2, papaverine, an inhibitor of smooth muscle contractility, was infused intrarenally during the last 20 minutes of ureteral occlusion, but renin secretion was unchanged by the infusion. Renin secretion decreased rapidly and was at the control level 5, 12½, and 27½ minutes after release of the occlusion, but urinary sodium concentration and excretion rate increased markedly during this period. In experiment 3, a superimposed injection of ethacrynic acid failed to alter renin secretion during ureteral occlusion. After release of the ureter, renin secretion remained unchanged for the first 5 minutes. Although renin secretion had decreased 12½ and 27½ minutes after release of the occlusion, it was still elevated twofold above the control level. Again, sodium excretion increased markedly and urinary sodium concentration was high after ureteral release. These findings support the hypothesis that the rate of renin release is inversely related to the rate of sodium transport by the macula densa cells.
- renin secretion in the dog
- ureteral occlusion
- renal venous plasma renin activity
- macula densa receptor
- papaverine ethacrynic acid
- Received December 26, 1973.
- Accepted May 8, 1974.
- © 1974 American Heart Association, Inc.