Autonomic Nervous System and Benign Essential Hypertension in Man
I. Usual Blood Pressure, Catecholamines, Renin, and their Interrelationships
The clinical entity of benign essential hypertension is often subdivided into labile essential hypertension and stable essential hypertension. To establish less arbitrary limits between normotension and labile and stable benign essential hypertension, 70 subjects (56 with benign essential hypertension) were classified according to (a) the usual blood pressure index for each subject and (b) the upper limit of variation of the usual blood pressure indexes of a normotensive population. Catecholamines, plasma renin activity, and urinary creatinine, sodium, and potassium were measured in recumbent subjects who had received a controlled-sodium diet. Our findings suggest that (1) benign essential hypertension represents a heterogeneous entity and a continuous spectrum of clinical and biochemical changes when it is related to the level of blood pressure, (2) adrenergic involvement is more evident in labile hypertension, (3) regardless of the urinary excretion of catecholamines in subjects with benign essential hypertension the urinary ratio of dopamine to norepinephrine always remains lower, and (4) a negative correlation exists between urinary sodium excretion and usual blood pressure indexes.
- usual blood pressure
- plasma norepinephrine
- urinary dopamine, norepinephrine, epinephrine, sodium, and potassium
- renal clearance of norepinephrine
- heart rate
- plasma renin activity
- Received December 20, 1973.
- Accepted April 18, 1974.
- © 1974 American Heart Association, Inc.