Sensitization of the Adrenal Cortex to Angiotensin II in Sodium-Deplete Man
The effect of sodium depletion on the dose-response relationships of angiotensin II to aldosterone and blood pressure was studied. Arterial plasma angiotensin II and aldosterone and arterial blood pressure were measured before and during the incremental infusion of angiotensin II into sodium-replete and sodium-deplete subjects. Sodium depletion caused a distinct steepening of the angiotensin Il-aldosterone dose-response curves in four of five subjects and a concurrent diminution in the pressor effect of angiotensin II. Administration of angiotensin II did not demonstrably alter the half-life of aldosterone. Sodium depletion did not change the plasma concentrations of sodium or potassium, but it was accompanied by a significant increase in plasma levels of 11-hydroxycorticosteroids and magnesium. The contrasting effects of sodium depletion on the aldosterone and the pressor dose-response curves favored sodium retention. These results are consistent with an important role for the renin-angiotensin system in the control of aldosterone secretion in man.
- Received July 27, 1973.
- Accepted October 10, 1973.
- © 1974 American Heart Association, Inc.