Further Observations on the Activation and Inhibition of Lipoprotein Lipase by Apolipoproteins
ApoC-II was the only apolipoprotein from human very low density lipoprotein that activated rat adipose tissue lipoprotein lipase. Activation was blocked by antiserum against apoC-II. Addition of increasing amounts of activator did not alter the apparent Km of lipoprotein lipase (0.32 mM triolein), but it did produce a progressive increase in the apparent Vmax from 0.8 to 2.2 µmoles free fatty acid/mg hour-1. Substrate concentrations above 1.27 mM triolein diminished activation by 0.25-5.0 µg/ml of apoC-II as much as 20%. Reversal of this apparent substrate inhibition was achieved by increasing the activator concentration to 50.0 µg/ml. Each of five nonactivating apolipoproteins-apoC-I, C-III-1, C-III-2, A-I, and A-II-inhibited lipoprotein lipase up to 85-100%. ApoC-II also produced less inhibition under appropriate conditions. Inhibition was dependent on apoprotein concentration, inversely related to substrate triglyceride concentration, and unobserved with nonlipoprotein proteins. The inhibitory capacity of the nonactivating apolipoproteins was about the same, was independent of apoC-II concentration, and occurred when the ratio of nonactivator apoprotein to triglyceride exceeded 3% (w/w). It is possible that these apoproteins function partly to modulate the hydrolysis of very low density lipoprotein triglyceride by lipoprotein lipase.
- rat adipose tissue
- very low density lipoprotein high density lipoprotein
- enzyme kinetics
- enzyme inactivation
- Received December 6, 1972.
- Accepted August 6, 1973.
- © 1973 American Heart Association, Inc.