Biphasic Vasoconstriction of the Rabbit Ear Artery
Sympathetic nerve stimulation and intraluminal norepinephrine infusion for more than 15 seconds produced a biphasic response in the isolated rabbit ear artery perfused with Krebs solution. This response consisted of an initial rapid constriction (phase A), which was followed by partial relaxation, and a final slowly developing constriction (phase B), which lasted for the duration of nerve stimulation or norepinephrine administration. Raising the potassium concentration of the Krebs solution to 12mM decreased the relaxation time between the two constrictor phases in response to norepinephrine; lowering the potassium concentration to 1.2 mM increased the relaxation time and decreased the degree of constriction of both phases. Biphasic vasoconstrictor responses were also elicited by the intraluminal infusion of phenylephrine, histamine, serotonin, or 35 mM potassium. When calcium was absent from the perfusing solution or when manganous sulfate (1mM) was present, norepinephrine produced only a fast phase A constriction, with no subsequent slow phase B constriction. However, after treatment of the artery with ryanodine, the phase A constriction in response to norepinephrine was markedly inhibited, but the phase B constriction was not. We concluded that the fast phase A constriction depends on the release of calcium from an intracellular pool and that the slow phase B constriction depends on the influx of extracellular calcium.
- Received May 16, 1972.
- Accepted November 8, 1972.
- © 1973 American Heart Association, Inc.