Direct Measurement of Superficial and Deep Venous Flow in the Cat Kidney
EFFECTS OF EPINEPHRINE, ANGIOTENSIN, MICROSPHERES, AND RENAL NERVE STIMULATION
In an excised cat kidney, the subcapsular veins were clipped near their connections with the renal vein and cut open distal to the clamps. The kidney was then placed in an oil-filled lucite chamber and perfused from a donor cat via tubes entering the chamber through its close-fitting lid. The blood leaking from the cut subcapsular veins was led to one flowmeter; that leaving via the cannulated renal vein (supplied now only by the arcuate vein system) was led to another flowmeter. Catecholamines and stimulation of the renal nerves reduced the arcuate blood flow more than the subcapsular blood flow, the two average reductions being 28% and 20% with epinephrine and 22% and 14% with stimulation of the renal nerves. Angiotensin reduced both flows equally. Microspheres reduced the subcapsular flow more than the arcuate flow, the two average reductions being 42% and 25% of the control flows. This effect was probably caused by trapping of the microspheres in the distal ends of the interlobular arteries beyond the inlets to the afferent arterioles, since these vessels are too narrow to allow free entrance of the microspheres. The preferential effect of epinephrine and nerve stimulation on the deep circulation is thought to be the result of the special structure of the juxtamedullary glomerular units.
- kidney perfusion
- medullary blood flow
- juxtamedullary glomeruli
- Trueta juxtamedullary shunt
- water conservation
- Received June 30, 1970.
- Accepted October 6, 1971.
- © 1972 American Heart Association, Inc.