Effect of Altitude and Cobalt Polycythemia, Hypoxia, and Cortisone on Susceptibility of Rats to Endocarditis
Rats with polycythemia induced by exposures to simulated high altitudes developed a significantly higher incidence of endocarditis following intravenous bacterial injections than rats with cobalt polycythemia or ground level controls. No increase occurred in altitude rats when polycythemia was prevented by repeated bleedings. These findings suggest that both polycythemia and hypoxia are necessary to explain increased susceptibility of altitude rats. Cortisone increased susceptibility of ground level rats injected with Streptococcus faecalis. Unlike altitude exposures, however, cortisone did not render rats susceptible to endocarditis due to Hemophilus parainfluenza.
- Revision received January 20, 1955.
- © 1955 American Heart Association, Inc.