Distribution Theory of Resistance of Neurogenic Vasoconstriction to Alpha-Receptor Blockade in the Rabbit
The effects of α-receptor-blocking agents on the contractile responses of isolated rabbit arteries to sympathetic nerve stimulation and exogenous l-norepinephrine (l-NE) were compared. In the pulmonary artery and aorta, yohimbine, phentolamine, and phenoxybenzamine blocked the response to nerve stimulation less than that to an equipotent dose of l-NE. This resistance of neurogenic response was independent of the frequency and number of stimuli and persisted after inhibition of the nerve l-NE uptake by cocaine. The neurogenically released transmitter l-NE probably forms a high concentration near the adventitia-media junction, whereas the exogenous NE is distributed evenly throughout the thickness of media. Thus higher concentrations of α-receptor-blocking agents would be needed to block the effect of neurogenic l-NE than to block that of exogenous l-NE. This explanation of the resistance was thought to be more appropriate to the large vessels tested than that based on neuroeffector proximity.
- distribution of NE
- smooth muscle
- tunica media
- neuroeffector distance
- Received August 28, 1970.
- Accepted November 30, 1970.
- © 1971 American Heart Association, Inc.