Input-Output Analysis for Total Input Rate and Total Traced Mass of Body Cholesterol in Man
The Stewart-Hamilton theorems for flow and volume are generalized to yield total input rate and total traced mass in multiple input, steady-state systems with partially labeled input. Application is made to existing decay curves of tracer cholesterol in human serum measured under a control steady state and again under a steady state of neomycin administration which lowered the serum cholesterol level. The effect of neomycin on the total traced mass of body cholesterol was to reduce it by 38, 40, 32, and 24 g, corresponding to 34, 40, 25, and 33%, in four patients studied. The present analysis utilizes only the area and the first time moment of the plasma decay curve. It is applicable to decay curves of more general shape than those that can be fitted by a small number of exponentials. The analysis does not require the assumption of compartments.
- steady-state system
- Stewart-Hamilton theorems
- tracer decay curve
- first passage indicator-dilution theory
- cholesterol reduction
- Received January 2, 1969.
- Accepted June 23, 1969.
- © 1969 American Heart Association, Inc.