Inhibition of Binding of Tritiated Digoxin to Myocardium by Sodium Depletion in Dogs
Ten intact dogs were subjected to hemodialysis against a solution of low-sodium content to determine the influence of sodium depletion on myocardial binding of digoxin-3H. Serial determinations of serum sodium, potassium, chloride, bicarbonate, pH, and osmolality, of cardiac output, and of cardiac rhythm were obtained in these and in 10 control dogs dialyzed against the standard solution. A dose of digoxin-3H (0.05 mg/kg) was given intravenously after start of the dialysis and the animals were killed 1 hour afterward for measurement of myocardial radioactivity, potassium, and sodium. Significant depletion of serum sodium and chloride and myocardial sodium (P < 0.001) occurred in all animals dialyzed against the low-sodium solution. No significant changes occurred in other serum electrolytes or pH; osmolality was maintained constant by a slow intravenous drip of 25% urea or mannitol. Myocardial radioactivity was reduced in sodium-depleted animals by 50% (P < 0.001). The Na-K ratio was 0.40 in the myocardium of control animals and 0.26 in sodium-depleted animals. It was concluded that depletion of body sodium inhibits binding of digitalis glycosides to the myocardium during the first hour after injection of the dose.
- Received October 23, 1968.
- Accepted December 20, 1968.
- © 1969 American Heart Association, Inc.