Carotid Sinus Reflex Control of Coronary Blood Flow
The role of the carotid sinus reflex in control of the blood flow in the left circumflex coronary artery was studied in nine open-chest dogs anesthetized with chloralose. Flow was measured with an electromagnetic flowmeter. The effects of bilateral common carotid occlusion were examined in a three-part experiment in each dog. (1) Under vagotomy (control) conditions, occlusion of both common carotid arteries resulted in tachycardia, increased blood pressure, and a decrease in coronary artery resistance. (2) After beta-receptor blockade with propranolol, 1.0 mg/kg, carotid sinus hypotension still resulted in increased blood pressure but the tachycardia was blocked, and coronary artery resistance increased. (3) Following rapid cardiac sympathectomy, carotid sinus hypotension still resulted in a reflex rise in systemic blood pressure but coronary resistance remained steady. This demonstrated the reflex nature of the increased coronary resistance observed after beta-receptor blockade. It is concluded that the coronary circulation is under reflex control and that sympathetic coronary artery vasomotion is a part of a carotid sinus reflex.
- alpha and beta receptors
- cardiac sympathectomy
- beta-receptor blocking agents
- coronary vasomotion
- Accepted June 10, 1968.
- © 1968 American Heart Association, Inc.