Constriction of Human Umbillcal Arteries
Interaction between Oxygen and Bradykinin
Experiments on perfused segments or isolated rings of human umbilical artery showed that the magnitude of their contraction in response to bradykinin, epinephrine, or serotonin depended on the Po2 of the perfusing or bathing solution. Constriction to bradykinin varied directly with the O2 tension and was greatest when the Po2 was approximately that of umbilical arterial blood during the transition from the fetal to the neonatal period. Catecholamine beta-receptors were not demonstrated (not present or not functional) in the umbilical artery, since there was no vascular response to either isoproterenol or to propranolol. Alpha-receptors were not required for O2 or bradykinin constriction since these agents constricted the umbilical artery after enough phentolamine had been given to block constriction by norepinephrine. Because of the interaction between O2 and vasoconstrictor agents the O2 environment of umbilical vessels must be rigidly controlled in experiments measuring vascular reactivity. Sensitization by O2 to the effects of chemical substances endogenous to the fetus or mother may play an important role in circulatory adjustments essential for neonatal life.
- oxygen sensitization
- Accepted April 15, 1968.
- © 1968 American Heart Association, Inc.