Baroreceptor Reflexes and Autoregulation of Cerebral Blood Flow in the Dog
Cerebral venous outflow was measured in anesthetized dogs at the confluence of the sagittal and straight sinuses, with the lateral sinuses occluded. Denervation of the carotid bifurcation increased systemic arterial pressure (+25.8; SE±7.7 mm Hg) and decreased cerebral vascular conductance (-0.018; SE±0.005 ml/min · mm Hg); stimulation of the carotid sinus nerve decreased systemic arterial pressure and increased cerebral vascular conductance. Graded constrictions of the common carotid arteries induced transient responses of the cerebral blood flow that were characteristic of an autoregulatory process. Plots of the steady-state pressures and flows during the decreases of perfusion pressure were concave toward the pressure axis, were similar before and after denervation of the carotid bifurcation, and were indicative of autoregulation.
We conclude that pressoreceptors in the carotid bifurcation or other pressoreceptors in systemic vessels upstream from the carotid bifurcation are not necessary for the control of the "tone" of the cerebral vasculature or in the mechanism of the autoregulation of cerebral blood flow.
- carotid sinus nerve
- cerebral vasomotor tone
- cerebral vascular conductance
- carotid bifurcation denervation
- cerebral blood pressure : flow
- cerebral blood perfusion pressure
- aortic pressure receptors
- reactive vascular bed
- sympathetic nerves and cerebral vascular tone
- Accepted August 28, 1967.
- © 1967 American Heart Association, Inc.