Determination of Regional Cerebral Blood Flow by Inhalation of 133-Xenon
A method for estimating regional cerebral blood flow is described in which tracer amounts of 133Xe are inhaled for 2 min and monitored extracranially over the next 45 to 60 min. A three-compartment model used to analyze the resulting clearance curves provided separate blood flows for "gray" and "white" matter, plus a decay constant for a slow third component, believed to arise from extracerebral tissue. The analysis included a correction for recirculation of all three components, based on radioisotope concentration of the expired air or arterial blood. Results from the analysis were compared with those obtained by the more traditional two-compartment approach, using data from 15 healthy young males. Whereas the three-compartment method yielded measurements comparable with those obtained by established techniques (average CBF = 54.7 ml/100 g/min), the two-compartment analysis gave consistently lower values (average CBF = 30.2). Comparison of results based on expired air and arterial sampling suggested that end-expiratory air is a reasonable substitute for arterial blood. Although the 133Xe inhalation method is technically simpler and less traumatic than other methods, complex analytic treatment of the data is necessitated by the presence of appreciable recirculation and extracerebral contamination.
- cerebral clearance curves
- three-compartment analysis
- two-compartment analysis
- extracerebral contamination
- expired air sampling
- arterial isotope concentration
- CO2 inhalation
- Accepted November 30, 1966.
- © 1967 American Heart Association, Inc.