Plasma Indicator Dispersion in Arteries of the Human Leg
Indicator-dilution curves were recorded from the femoral and dorsalis pedis arteries of five normal men after injections of indocyanine green into the superior vena cava or thoracic aorta. By considering the femoral curves as inputs to a mathematically linear system and the dorsalis pedis curves as outputs, transfer functions (the distribution of transit times) for the arterial segment between these sites were obtained in terms of a four-parameter model, the lagged normal density curve, over a sixfold range of flow rates. The parameters of the spread (dispersion) of 57 transfer functions were proportional to the mean transit time. The mean difference between transit time and appearance time was 0.30 t; the square root of the variances was 0.18 t. These linear relationships suggest that flow rate has no significant influence on dispersion and that, since no transition from laminar to turbulent flow was apparent, arterial flow characteristics were not significantly changed over a wide range of flow rates. The secondary implication is that the rate of spatial longitudinal spreading of indicator with distance traveled is primarily a function of the geometry of the arterial system, not of the rate of flow, and, therefore, that the spatial distribution at any instant is a function of this rate and of the distance traveled through the system.
- arterial blood flow
- cardiac output
- velocity profile
- vasodilatation by adenosine triphosphate infusion
- circulation model
- arterial transfer functions
- distribution of transit times through an arterial segment
- indocyanine green
- indicator dilution
- unanesthetized man
- Accepted March 14, 1966.
- © 1966 American Heart Association, Inc.