Hemodynamic Aspects of Prolonged Infusion of Angiotensin into Unanesthetized Dogs
Arterial pressure, cardiac output, stroke volume, heart rate, and peripheral resistance have been recorded daily in eight trained, healthy dogs with implanted aortic flow probes and aortic catheters. After suitable control periods angiotensin II was infused for periods of from 2 to 29 days.
The effects observed were considered under four categories: 1) The immediate effects consisted of rise of arterial pressure, decrease of cardiac output and heart rate, rise of peripheral resistance and increased pulse pressure. Within five days all values tended to return to control levels unless the infusion rate of angiotensin was increased. 2) A chronic phase followed and, during this period, cardiac output was normal while arterial pressure and peripheral resistance were elevated. 3) After infusions were stopped pressure and peripheral resistance rapidly declined to be low normal, while cardiac output and heart rate rose to above normal. 4) A transient "malignant" phase was elicited by very large increases in the rate of angiotensin infusion, during which cardiac output and stroke volume were diminished while arterial pressure and peripheral resistance were increased greatly.
The hemodynamic changes resulting from prolonged angiotensin infusion were similar in some respects to those found by us during the onset of hypertension due to renal artery constriction in dogs. They differed, however, in that doses of angiotensin, which were great enough to induce arterial pressure elevations similar to those of chronic experimental renal hypertension, reduced stroke volume, and these higher pressures could not be maintained for more than a few days. Hypertension did not persist after discontinuing angiotensin even after 28 days of almost continuous infusion. There was a distinct tendency for the pressor response to diminish with passage of time; more angiotensin was required to maintain similar elevations of arterial pressure.
- Received August 5, 1964.
- © 1965 American Heart Association, Inc.