Stasis Thrombi Induced by Bacterial Endotoxin
1. In normal rabbits, single intravenous doses of E. coli and Salmonella endotoxin produce an immediate, transient, hypercoagulable state. Venous stasis occurring during such a state allows the formation of massive red thrombi at sites of obstructed blood flow. The duration of stasis required to produce thrombi following endotoxin administration depends in part on the preinfusion silicone clotting time of the rabbit.
2. E. coli endotoxin shortens the recalcification time of platelet-poor plasma obtained from normal subjects and from patients with heredofamilial coagulation defects of Factor XII (Hageman) and Factor IX (plasma thromboplastin component). In contrast, the recalcification time of platelet-poor plasma obtained from patients with Factor XI (plasma thromboplastin antecedent) deficiency is lengthened by endotoxin. It is suggested that the heat-labile plasma factor known to be required for the platelet-endotoxin interaction may be related to Factor XI.
- Received October 29, 1963.
- © 1964 American Heart Association, Inc.