Systemic Blood Pressure Response to Changes in Right Ventricular Function
The relationship between right ventricular and aortic pressure was studied in open-chest anesthetized dogs. A simultaneous increase in both pressures was observed in animals with an intact circulation and animals with the systemic circulation perfused at a constant rate and stroke volume by an extracorporeal pump. With gradual partial constriction of the main pulmonary artery, the increase in right ventricular systolic and aortic pressures occurred without consistent change in other measured parameters. Bilateral cervical vagotomy abolished the systemic vascular response.
These observations are consistent with a pressor reflex which is mediated over vagal afferent fibers from the right ventricle. It is suggested that in animals under varying physiologic stimuli an increase in right ventricular pressure is associated with a reflex increase in systemic vascular resistance. In abnormal circumstances with increased resistance to right ventricular emptying, the increased total peripheral vascular resistance would be important in maintaining systemic blood pressure and blood flow.
- Received November 4, 1963.
- © 1964 American Heart Association, Inc.