Angiotensin in Blood and Lymph Following Reduction in Renal Arterial Perfusion Pressure in Dogs
Systemic pressor responses occurred consistently 5 to 15 minutes following reduction of renal perfusion pressure and were accompanied by the appearance of pressor material in renal vein blood. The pressor material is probably angiotensin formed from renin released by the kidney, since its activity was not affected by protein precipitation, was eliminated by incubation with chymotrypsin, and since it caused enhanced pressor responses to tyramine, all of which are characteristic of angiotensin. Activity was unaffected by pharmacologic blockade of response to norepinephrine and serotonin. Its renal origin is indicated by the greater amount of pressor activity in renal venous than in arterial blood throughout the systemic pressor responses.
Smaller amounts of pressor material, also with properties of angiotensin, were found in thoracic duct lymph. They did not contribute materially to the systemic pressor response since external drainage of all lymph did not modify the response, and since the time course of the response correlated with an increase in pressor activity in renal vein blood but not in lymph. The late appearance of angiotensin in thoracic duct lymph is probably due to renin secretion by the kidney into renal lymph rather than transfer from circulating blood; activity did not appear in lymph when renin was infused intravenously in amounts that caused rises in systemic pressure comparable to those produced by reduction of renal perfusion pressure.
The results indicate that during short periods of reduced renal perfusion pressure, renin is released in larger amounts in blood than in lymph.
- Received May 4, 1963.
- © 1963 American Heart Association, Inc.