Chinese Basic Cardiovascular Research in Transition
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Basic cardiovascular research in China has developed dramatically during the last decade but faces unique challenges especially to improve quality and impact. In this viewpoint, we analyzed the causes that have contributed to such accelerated research activity in the cardiovascular field and discuss ways to deal with the challenges.
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the major cause of morbidity and mortality in China presenting rapidly evolving public health and economic burdens.1 China recognizes the need to develop a modern and optimized medical care system that includes cutting edge translational biomedical research to target CVD as a fundamental ingredient. Rapidly growing financial support from government sources has fueled quantum increases in scientific output of cardiovascular basic research in China during the past decade. However, China still faces significant challenges to improve the efficiency, quality, and impact of such research, as well as to effectively address the prevention and treatment of CVD.
Chinese Cardiovascular Basic Research Output
In parallel with China’s elevation to the world’s second largest economy, scientific publications in cardiovascular research (CVR) also achieved remarkable growth. During 2006 to 2015, cardiovascular basic research publications with Chinese corresponding authors had the following characteristics (data were restricted to research articles from peer-reviewed and non–open-access journals and provided by the Shanghai Information Center for Life Sciences of the Chinese Academy of Science [CAS] based on the analysis of database of Web of Science-Science Citation Index Expanded): (1) The publications from Chinese corresponding authors in 2015 was 4.2-fold of that in 2006 (Figure 1A, left axis); (2) the percent global contribution of Chinese publications increased from 2.76% in 2006 to 9.83% in 2015 (Figure 1A, right axis). Consistent with this, the proportion of publications from China ranked 9 in 2006 and 2 in 2012 and subsequent years. To further characterize the publication dynamics, we analyzed the productivity …