Abstract 82: Mnsodtg Mice Exhibit Improved Heart and Mitochondrial Function During Chronic Chagas Disease
Background: We observed that mitochondrial reactive oxygen species (mtROS) plays very important roles in the pregression of chagesic disease (CD). In this study, we utilized genetically-modified mice to scavenge mtROS to investigate the impact of improved ROS scavenging capacity on heart function in CD.
Methods and Results: C57BL/6 mice (wild-type, MnSODtg, MnSOD+/-) were infected with Trypanosoma cruzi(Tc). Chronically infected mice (≥120dpi) exhibited a substantial decrease in heart tissue MnSOD gene expression, protein level, enzyme activity and antioxidant level; decrease of heart dysfunction via lower of SV, CO, EF, FS and LVPW,s, and increase of ESV/EDS and LVID;s; enhancement of hypertrophy by increase of IVS, LV mass and areas duo to augmentation of collagen expressions. One of our novel observations was that sarco/endoplasmic reticulum Ca2+-ATPase (SERCA2) lost its role of maintenance of low cytoplasm free calcium and mediated calcium uptake to intracellular store in Tc-induced chronic chagasic disease. Studies of fresh heart slices using O2K confirmed that Tc diminished heart mitochondrial function like decrease of oxygen flux and respiratory control ratio (RCR), which were caused by enhancements of ROS. Myocardial mitochondrial damage was pronounced and associated with a >x% decline in mitochondrial oxygen flux in chronically infected wild-type and MnSOD transgenic mice. Imaging of intact heart for cardiomyocytes and collagen by the nonlinear optical microscopy techniques showed significant increase in collagen (>x0-fold) in chronically infected wild-type mice; while MnSODtg mice exhibited a basal increase in collagen that did not change during chronic phase. Chronically infected MnSODtg mice exhibited a marginal decline in Tc-induced heart function, heart hypertrophy, mitochondrial dysfunction
Conclusions: Overexpression of MnSOD inhibited Tc-induced oxidative damage od heart tissue. , suggesting that enhancing the mitochondrial ROS scavenging capacity was beneficial in controlling the inflammatory and oxidative pathology, and cardiac remodeling responses that are hallmarks of chronic Chagas disease.
Author Disclosures: J. Wen: None. C. Porter: None. D. Herndon: None. N.J. Garg: None.
- © 2015 by American Heart Association, Inc.