Abstract 66: Discovery of a Novel Pharmaceutical Class as Potential Heart Failure Treatment
Utilizing an unbiased in vivo phenotypic chemical screening platform in zebrafish embryos, our laboratory has identified a number of novel compounds with high selectivity for a wide range of cellular targets, including kinases (CK2a, DRAK2, DYRK2 and bone morphogenetic protein receptors), GPCRs (lysophosphatidic acid receptor 1, and extracellular proton sensor), p300 histone acetyltransferase, and phosphodiesterase-4 (PDE4). While the compounds we discovered have therapeutic implications for a wide range of diseases, our translational work has focused on addressing the cardiovascular diseases. Heart failure (HF) is a leading cause of disability and mortality in US, affecting about 6 million Americans, and the incidence of heart failure is anticipated to increase substantially in the coming decades. Yet, current HF pharmaceuticals are palliative, and the outlook for HF drug pipeline is uncertain. Within this backdrop, we recently discovered eggmanone, an extraordinarily selective PDE4 inhibitor which has no known off-target. An usual feature of eggmanone is that it increases cAMP levels specifically in distinct cellular microdomains, without raising the total cellular cAMP content. In isolated mouse cardiomyocytes and human induced pluripotent stem cell-derived cardiomyocytes (iPSC-CMs), eggmanone increases cardiac contractility by targeting a discrete myocyte microdomain without causing significant changes in myocyte calcium cycling. Importantly, eggmanone enhances systolic function in mice with failing hearts without increasing the heart rate. These results raise the exciting possibility that a microdomain-specific PDE4 inhibitor like eggmanone may be useful as an inotropic therapy for HF which avoids the pitfalls of traditional PDE inhibitors, whose utility has been limited by proarrhythmia, tachyphylaxis and cardiotoxicity.
Author Disclosures: T.K. Feaster: None. J.E. Hempel: None. C.H. Williams: None. A.Y. Frist: None. H.S. Hwang: None. B.C. Knollmann: None. C.C. Hong: None.
- © 2015 by American Heart Association, Inc.