Abstract 64: Conditional Knockout of Activin Like Kinase-1 (ALK-1) Leads to Heart Failure Without Maladaptive Remodeling
Activin like kinase 1 (ALK1) mediates signaling via the TGFb family of ligands. ALK1 activity promotes endothelial proliferation and migration. Reduced ALK1 activity is associated with arteriovenous malformations. No studies have examined the effect of global ALK1 deletion on indices of cardiac remodeling. We hypothesized that reduced levels of ALK1 promote maladaptive cardiac remodeling. Methods: We employed an ALK1 conditional knockout mice (cKO) harboring the ROSA26-CreER knock-in allele whereby a single dose of intraperitoneal tamoxifen triggered ubiquitous Cre recombinase mediated excision of floxed ALK1 alleles. Tamoxifen treated wild-type (WT-Tam; n=5) and vehicle treated ALK1-cKO mice (cKO-Veh; n=5) served as controls for tamoxifen treated ALK1-cKO mice (cKO-Tam; n=15). Results: ALK1 cKO-Tam mice demonstrated reduced 14-day survival compared to cKO-Veh controls (33% vs 100%, respectively, p<0.01). Seven days after treatment, ALK1 cKO mice began to exhibit reduced left ventricular (LV) fractional shortening, progressive LV dilation, and gastrointestinal bleeding. After 14 days total body mass was reduced, but LV and lung mass increased in cKO-Tam not cKO-Veh mice. Peak LV systolic pressure, contractility, and arterial elastance were reduced, but LV end-diastolic pressure and stroke volume increased in cKO-Tam, not cKO-Veh mice. LV ALK1 mRNA and protein levels were reduced in cKO-Tam, not cKO-Veh mice. LV levels of other TGFb-family ligands and receptors (ALK5, TBRII, BMPRII, Endoglin, BMP7, BMP9, and TGFB1) were unchanged between groups. Cardiomyocyte area and LV levels of BNP were increased in cKO-Tam mice, but LV levels of b-MHC, SerCA, and calcineurin were unchanged. No increase in cardiac fibrosis Type I collagen, CTGF, or PAI-1 levels were observed between groups. No differences were observed for any variable studied between cKO-Veh and WT-Tam mice. Conclusion: Global deletion of ALK1 is associated with the development of high output heart failure without maladaptive remodeling. Future studies exploring the functional role of ALK1 in cardiac remodeling are required.
Author Disclosures: K. Morine: None. V. Paruchuri: None. X. Qiao: None. E. Mackey: None. J. Levine: None. K. Ughreja: None. P. Nepali: None. R. Karas: None. P. Oh: None. N.K. Kapur: None.
- © 2015 by American Heart Association, Inc.