Abstract 428: DNA Methylation of ASC is Associated with Decreased ASC and IL-1β Expression in Heart Failure
Introduction: Heart failure (HF) is associated with formation and activation of inflammasome, a complex of intracellular interaction proteins that trigger maturation of inflammatory cytokines to initiate inflammatory response. ASC, a vital component of the inflammasome, is controlled through epigenetic modification via methylation of CpG islands surrounding exon 1.
Methods: To assess the relationships between DNA methylation of ASC, ASC expression, and inflammatory cytokines IL-1β and IL-18 in HF, stored samples from 155 chronic HF patients (age 56.9±12.0 yr, 64% male, 47% black, and ejection fraction 29.9±14.9) were analyzed. DNA extracted from PMBCs were analyzed by pyrosequencing for percent methylation of seven CpG sites in the intron region preceding exon 1 of the ASC gene. ASC mRNA was quantified via real-time PCR and analyzed as the ratio ASC:GAPDH. Serum ASC, IL-1β, and IL-18 were measured by ELISA.
Results: Higher ASC methylation was associated with lower ASC mRNA (r=0-.328, p<0.001) and protein (r=-.464, p<0.001) expression. Lower ASC mRNA expression was associated with lower ASC protein expression (r=0.494, p<0.001). Decreased IL-1β expression was associated with higher ASC methylation (r=-.424, p=0.005) and lower ASC mRNA (r=.619, p<0.001) and ASC protein (r=.433, p<0.001). IL-18 expression was not significantly associated with ASC methylation or expression.
Conclusions: Increased ASC methylation was associated with lower IL-1β, likely via decreased ASC gene expression. As ASC is required for inflammasome activation of IL-1β, this study implicates the inflammasome pathway as a driver of inflammation in HF, proving a potential target for novel interventions.
Author Disclosures: B. Butts: None. J. Butler: None.
- © 2015 by American Heart Association, Inc.