Abstract 427: Micrornas Have Differential Degree of Expression in Pathological Cardiac Hypertrophy Compared to Physiological Cardiac Hypertrophy
Physiological and pathological left ventricular hypertrophies (LVH) are distinct processes that have differential pattern of gene expression. Based on initial stimuli, miRs expression levels can fluctuate and then cause a variance on their targets culminating in diverse cellular pathway activation. AIM: Here we compared miRs expression between pathological cardiac hypertrophy induced by transverse aortic constriction (TAC) and physiological cardiac hypertrophy induced by voluntary exercise in running wheels (EXE). METHODS: Adult male Balb/c mice (12-14 weeks old) mice were subjected to TAC or EXE protocol and data were evaluated at 7 (TAC-7D; EXE-7D) and 35 (TAC-35D; EXE-35D) days. Hypertrophy was measured by normalizing left ventricular weight to body weight (LVW/BW). We evaluated left ventricular expression levels of miRs: -26b, 27a, -143, -150, -195 and -499 by qRT-PCR in TAC and EXE groups. Comparisons between groups were performed by ANOVA with Bonferroni correction. Results are shown as mean±SEM. Results: Sedentary and Sham groups were similar among all variables tested. Animals subjected to TAC surgery demonstrated a greater hypertrophy than EXE animals at both time points (7D: 16% vs. 7%; 35D 26% vs 12%, p<0.05 for both). MiR-26b had increased levels in TAC group at both time points (7D: 1.14±0.1 vs 0.6±0.01; 35D: 4.8±1.4 vs 1.17±0.12; p<0.01 for both). We only detected an increase in miR-27a levels in TAC-7D compared to EXE-7D (2.7±1.0 vs 0.78±0.1, p <0.05). We identified an augmentation in miR-143 levels in TAC group at both time points (7D: 1.1±0.1 vs 0.75±0.1; 35D: 1.42±0.2 vs 0.9±0.1; p<0.05 for both). We detected an increase in miR-499 levels at both time points in TAC group (7D: 4.1±0.5 vs 0.67±0.2, p<0.001; 35D: 2.2±0.4 vs 0.9±0.2, p<0.01). We found an increase in miR-195 levels only in TAC-35D group compared to EXE-35D (2.6±0.3 vs 0.9±0.1, p<0.05). We did not notice any change in miR-150 levels neither at 7 days nor at 35 days. Conclusions: These preliminary data demonstrate a differential degree of miR expression between physiological and pathological hypertrophy. Further studies comparing physiological and pathological cardiac hypertrophy are necessary to find out the turning point that deviates heart from adaptive to maladaptive growth.
Author Disclosures: N.C. Martinelli: None. C. Cohen: None. D. Silvello: None. A. Biolo: None. M. Andrades: None. K. dos Santos: None. N. Clausell: None. L.E. Rohde: None. U. Matte: None.
- © 2015 by American Heart Association, Inc.