Abstract 419: Stim1 is Associated With Calcium Microdomains That are Required for Myofilament Remodeling and Signaling During Cardiac Hypertrophy
Stromal Interaction Protein 1 (STIM1) is the intracellular component of the store operated calcium channels. It is a ubiquitous Ca2+ sensor, prevalently located in the sarcoplasmic reticulum. In non-excitable cells, STIM1 is a key element in the generation of Ca2+signals that lead to gene expression and cell proliferation. A growing body of literature now suggests that STIM1 is important for normal heart function and plays a key role in the development of pathological cardiac hypertrophy. However, the precise mechanisms involving STIM1 and the Ca2+ signaling in excitable cells are not clearly established. We show that in neonatal rat cardiomyocytes, the spatial properties of STIM1-dependent Ca2+ signals determine restricted Ca2+ microdomains that regulate myofilaments remodeling and spatially segregated activation of pro-hypertrophic factors. Indeed, in vivo data obtained from an inducible cardiac restricted STIM1 knockout mouse, exhibited left ventricular dilatation associated with reduced cardiac contractility, which was corroborated by impaired single cell contractility. Furthermore, mice lacking STIM1 showed less adverse structural remodeling in response to pathological pressure overload-induced cardiac hypertrophy (transverse aortic constriction, TAC). We further show that the Ca2+ pool associated with STIM1 is the ON switch for extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK1/2)-mediated cytoplasm to nucleus signaling. These results highlight how STIM1-dependent Ca2+ microdomains have a major impact on intracellular Ca2+ homeostasis, cytoskeletal remodeling, signaling and cardiac function, even when excitation-contraction coupling is present.
Author Disclosures: C. Parks: None. R.D. Sullivan: None. S. Mancarella: None.
This research has received full or partial funding support from the American Heart Association, National Center.
- © 2015 by American Heart Association, Inc.