Abstract 415: Cardioprotective Effects of Interleukin-15 in Immortalized Human Ventricular Cardiomyocytes
Interleukin-15 (IL-15) is a pleotropic cytokine that has a profound effect on the proliferation, survival and differentiation of many distinct cell types. The IL-15 receptor complex has 3 subunits: the unique receptor chain IL-15 receptor alpha (IL-15Rα), and two receptor chains shared with interleukin-2 (IL-2) and/or other cytokines, referred to as IL-2 receptor beta (IL-2Rβ) and IL-2 receptor gamma/gamma common chain (IL-2Rγ/γc), respectively. To our knowledge, this is the first study to examine the effects of IL-15 in immortalized human cardiomyocytes. Data collected by RT-PCR shows mRNA expression of IL-15Rα, IL-2Rβ and IL-2 Rγ/γc in these cells. Additionally, western blotting for IL-15Rα, IL-2Rβ and IL-2 Rγ/γc confirms the presence of all three IL-15 receptors. Early experiments examining the effect of IL-15 on cardiomyocyte cell survival show a statistically significant protective effect of IL-15 on the survival of cells exposed to tunicamycin, a pharamacological endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress inducing agent. These findings suggest that IL-15 signaling may be an important cardioprotective pathway that is involved in the cardiac ER stress response. As ER stress is a major component of multiple different cardiac pathologies, such as myocardial infarction, heart failure and diabetes, uncovering the molecular mechanism by which IL-15 protects the heart will allow for deeper understanding of the cardiac ER stress response.
Author Disclosures: M. McBride: None. K. Durham: None. B.L. Trigatti: 2. Research Grant; Significant; This research is supported by grants from the Canadian Institutes of Health Research and Heart and Stroke Foundation of Canada to BLT.
- © 2015 by American Heart Association, Inc.